Joan Ockman is Distinguished Senior Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design. Besides teaching at Penn, she is currently a visiting professor at Cooper Union and Cornell. She has also taught at Harvard, Yale, the Berlage Institute, and Columbia, where she directed the Temple Hoyne Buell Center for the Study of American Architecture from 1994 to 2008. Among her book publications are Architecture Culture 1943–1968 (1993), The Pragmatist Imagination: Thinking about Things in the Making (2000), and most recently Architecture School: Three Centuries of Educating Architects in North America (2012). She began her career at the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies in New York in the 1970s and was an editor of its journal Oppositions and of the Oppositions Books series.